Back in 2015 the FTSE 100 hit 7,000. It was quite exciting. Today the FTSE 100 is 5,876. Not so exciting.
Shares in some of our flagship companies look awful. Rolls-Royce hit a 17-year low this week. Royal Dutch Shell is down 60 per cent this year alone. Things haven’t been quite so awful across the board — the FTSE 250 is roughly unchanged overall since 2015. But it is still down 21 per cent this year.
All of this has hit our global position. The UK market as a share of both the European and global equity markets is the lowest since the 1970s. The whole thing in a nasty nutshell: a few weeks ago Apple became worth more than the FTSE 100 index.
You will say that this all makes sense. The UK market is dominated by the kind of companies no one wants any more — banks, miners and old-fashioned energy. No priced-to-infinity tech stocks here. We’ve also had a horrible time with Covid-19. And our economy is a mess, and one that is about to get a million times worse with Brexit.
This misery argument is very easy to make. One number that makes the case is the percentage of commercial rents collected by the time the third quarter ended this week. UK retailers have paid just over 12 per cent of the rent due for the quarter (that’s even less than at the end of the June quarter). The office sector was better — 32 per cent of the rent was collected, compared with 22.7 per cent at the end of the second quarter. Better, but still carnage.
The unemployment this kind of number hints at might have been delayed by the endless and confusing set of compensation schemes being put in place to counter the endless and confusing lockdown policies. But it will still come: the Bank of England is looking at 7.5 per cent unemployment by the end of the year.
These numbers are so easy to find that it is perhaps too easy, as Andy Haldane puts it, to “catastrophise” the discussion — “to dismiss good news and dwell on bad.” Mr Haldane, chief economist at the Bank of England, is expecting 20 per cent GDP growth in the third quarter. The economy, he says, has already recovered “far faster than anyone expected”.
The number of people in work in the UK has so far fallen by only 0.7 per cent since the pandemic started. Retail sales are back to pre-pandemic levels. UK factory activity grew for the fourth month in a row in September, based on the IHS Markit/Cips Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index.
And Brexit? Perhaps we worry too much. As Capital Economics noted, at this point there isn’t that much of a difference between a deal and no deal. That’s partly because leaving the customs union and the single market makes the Brexit we have chosen a relatively hard one anyway. But it is “mostly because a lot of arrangements have already been put in place”.
Trade deals have been replicated. There has been much progress on financial services equivalence and exporters have had plenty of preparation time. In the great scheme of things it might turn out to be much less of a big deal than it seems right now.
If you are prepared to open your mind to the idea that the UK is not a lost cause (it isn’t) and that the headwinds we face are fairly temporary (they are), the UK stock market suddenly looks very interesting. As Alan Brierley of Investec points out, our equities are “approaching pariah status”. They are now trading on the greatest discount to global equities for 50 years — with UK value stocks trading at their greatest discount to their growth counterparts ever.
Yes, ever — despite the fact that the past 25 years of long-term data always shows value investing outperforming growth. Fund managers are generally known more for their bandwagon jumping than their contrarian thinking skills. But with things at this kind of extreme even they are beginning to think there might be opportunity here.
What if Brexit passes without the world ending? And dividends payouts return? Even if UK banks don’t start paying dividends again, AJ Bell reckons the UK yield will be 3.7 per cent next year. What if the world recognises that it needs our miners? You can’t have electric cars without copper. Or we dump lockdown as our anti-Covid strategy? Or the pandemic forces a sudden rise in productivity upon us? Any of these things could prompt a bit of a rethink.
On then to Temple Bar, a value-oriented UK investment trust (that I hold) and that has acted as a poster boy for the appalling performance of our stock market recently. It’s down 50 per cent in the past year. It lost its long-term manager in the spring and has just announced the new ones: Nick Purves and Ian Lance of RWC Asset Management.
The good news is that the board appears to have been unmoved by the appalling performance of the past strategy in making a decision on their new one. Mr Purves and Mr Lance are firm value adherents — now more than ever. There have been, they say, only three occasions in their careers “when dislocation in the stock market has created the most exceptional opportunities for value investors: post the technology bubble of the late 1990s; coming out of the global financial crisis; and today”. Brave words.
You can buy shares in Temple Bar on a discount of 14 per cent to their net asset value and a prospective dividend of 6 per cent (the discount reflects the bravery). Otherwise there are a few new names raising money at the moment (this really is contrarian). The new Tellworth British Recovery and Growth Trust (which you can buy into on PrimaryBid) aims to do exactly what it says on the tin.
The Schroder British Opportunities Trust plans to invest in both undervalued private and listed companies (there is a touch of bandwagon jumping in the private bit, of course). Finally there is the Buffettology Smaller Companies Investment Trust, which is looking to raise £100m with a view to value investing among the smallest of UK-listed firms.
All look interesting — although as ever with investment trusts I’d be inclined to wait until they list and hope to buy at a discount rather than pointlessly pay full price for shiny new shares.
Professional investors will insist on being able to put a time on a trigger for change, since vague lists like the one I have made above don’t count for them. Ordinary investors don’t need to bother with that.
No one cares about our quarterly performance, thankfully. We just need to know that cheap UK equities will break out at some point. And that when it happens, in the words of Angus Tulloch, adviser to Kennox Strategic Value Fund (which I also hold), it will “happen very quickly”. Best be ready.