U.S. stocks traded lower Wednesday morning, but were mostly off earlier lows, after economic reports pointed to a healthy economy in both the consumer and manufacturing sectors, but also suggested inflation might be stirring more quickly than investors had expected, pushing up bond yields.
How are stock benchmarks performing?
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average was 60 points lower, near 31,463, a 0.2% decline.
- The S&P 500 index slipped 23 points to reach 3,910, down 0.6%.
- The Nasdaq Composite tumbled 182 points, or 1.3%, to trade near 13,874.
On Tuesday, the Dow ended at a record, but the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq Composite indexes snapped a two-day string of gains to end lower.
What’s driving the market?
U.S. retail sales figures for January offered the latest read on the health of the consumer amid the coronavirus pandemic, with sales crushing estimates and rising 5.3% for the month, after a 1% decline in December as COVID cases spiked. But U.S. producer prices rose 1.7% in past year versus 0.8% in the prior month.
A separate report on industrial production from the Federal Reserve showed a rise of 0.9% in January, also trouncing economist forecasts of a 0.5% gain. Businesses restocked their inventories more than expected in December, but a reading on home-builder confidence was stronger than expected.
However, the producer-price index jumped by 1.3% in January, the largest increase since the index underwent a major overhaul in 2009 and service prices were included in the report. The rate of wholesale inflation in the past 12 months climbed to 1.7% from 0.8% at the end of 2020—not far from the pre-pandemic level of 2%.
The data are helping to boost U.S. bond yields, as investors also look ahead to the prospect of more fiscal stimulus from Congress and declining coronavirus cases. On Tuesday, the 10-Treasury note hit a yield near 1.30%, its highest level since Feb. 26, according to Dow Jones Market Data.
“The retail sales numbers were stunning, and PPI was very very strong too, but we’ve had a series of down months before that,” said Peter Andersen, founder of Boston-based Andersen Capital Management. “It’s just too hard to extrapolate based on one month. It could show pent-up demand but the supply demand dynamic right now is still too hard to filter. I’m thinking it could show what the pent-up demand is once we get through the vaccine roll-out. We’ll be off to the races.”
In an interview with MarketWatch, Andersen called himself “really shocked at the attention that investors are giving to shiny items like Bitcoin, space exploration, SPACs.” The market could use a little direction from more news about vaccine progress, he said, but overall, other than a few frothy areas, isn’t worrisome.
“Markets are showing small losses today as mild concerns about rising government bond yields have encouraged some traders to trim their exposure to equities,” said David Madden, market analyst at CMC Markets UK.
“Recently, the mood in global equity markets has been very bullish as multiyear highs and in some cases, all-time highs were set,” Madden wrote. “Buying was being fueled by the hopes of more stimulus spending by the Biden government, also playing into the mix was the view that successful vaccine roll-outs should help re-open economies, and in turn, economic activity will rise later this year,” referring to President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion COVID aid proposal.
Meanwhile, frigid weather is posing problems in much of the U.S., including Texas, leaving millions without power and nearly 75% of the Lower 48 states under snow cover, The Wall Street Journal wrote, citing the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Snow Analysis daily report. The freezing weather cut U.S. oil production and helped to push up prices.
In other economic reports, investors will watch for minutes of the Federal Reserve’s January policy meeting to be released at 2 p.m. and further clues about how the central bank will react to economic improvement on the back of greater fiscal spending and effective vaccine rollouts.
Among Fed speakers on tap today, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond President Thomas Barkin was due to speak at 9 a.m., Boston Fed President Eric Rosengren is said to speak an hour later and Dallas Fed President Robert Kaplan is set to talk later Wednesday after 6 p.m.
Which stocks are in focus?
- Shares of Verizon Communications Inc. VZ rose 3.7%, and Chevron Corp. CVX rallied 3.2% to pace the Dow after Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc. BRK.B disclosed that it acquired large stakes in the companies during the fourth quarter.
- Canadian cannabis company Sundial Growers Inc. SNDLfiled a shelf registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission to issue up to $1 billion of securities over time. Shares slid more than 15% in early trade.
- Medical device maker Medtronic PLC MDT said Wednesday it is voluntarily recalling unused Valiant Navion thoracic stent graft system and informing doctors to immediately stop using the device until further notice. Shares slipped 1.4%.
- Energy Transfer LP ET announced Wednesday an agreement to buyEnable Midstream Partners LP ENBL in a stock deal valued at $7.2 billion.
- Shares of Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. HLT dropped 1.1% Wednesday, after the hotel operator reported a surprise fourth-quarter loss and revenue that fell more than forecast, as the rise in COVID-19 cases and tightening travel restrictions disrupted the positive momentum seen in the summer and fall.
- Shopify Inc. shares fell 5.7% despite better-than-expected quarterly results.
What are other assets doing?
- The yield on the 10-year Treasury note slipped nearly 3 basis points to 1.289%. Yields and bond prices move in opposite directions.
- The ICE U.S. Dollar Index DXY a measure of the currency against a basket of six major rivals, was up 0.5%.
- Oil futures edged higher as energy disruptions continued throughout the country, with the U.S. benchmark up 0.2% to $60.20 a barrel, pushing past the key $60 level. Gold futures slumped 1.2% to about $1,778.20 as bond yields surged.
- The pan-European Stoxx 600 indexSXXP fell 0.4% and London’s FTSE 100 stock index UKX was off 0.2%.
- Markets in Hong Kong closed 1.1% higher, while Japan’s Nikkei 225 index NIK shed 0.6%.