- A new study looked at eating avocados and the potential to improve metabolic factors.
- Researchers found people who ate one avocado a day had slightly lower cholesterol levels than the control group.
- Other measures, including body weight, BMI and insulin levels, were not significantly different between the two groups.
Nearly 40 percent of Americans live with high cholesterol levels, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This puts them at risk for heart disease and stroke, two leading causes of death in the U.S.
New research published this month in the Journal of the American Heart Association looked at whether or not eating one avocado per day could impact these levels. Researchers found a small but noticeable reduction in key cholesterol levels.
““hile one avocado a day did not lead to clinically significant improvements in abdominal fat and other cardiometabolic risk factors, consuming one avocado a day did not result in body weight gain,””study author Joan Sabate, MD, professor at Loma Linda University School of Public Health, said in a statement.
Called the Habitual Diet and Avocado Trial (HAT), the study was designed to test whether consuming one large avocado per day for 6 months in a diverse group of about 1,000 people with an elevated waist circumference would decrease belly fat compared with those who ate their habitual diet.
The study received funding from the Avocado Nutrition Center, which supports research on avocado nutrition health.
Researchers provided participants with written instructions describing how to ripen, cut, remove the pit of, and peel avocados and serving ideas and recipes containing avocados. No additional dietary counseling or guidance was provided.
The group given a daily avocado was called the Avocado Supplemented Diet Group; the other group who continued their usual diet was called the Habitual Diet Group.
Sabate and team found the group that avocado eaters experienced ““odest but nominally significant””reductions in total and LDL cholesterol compared to the habitual diet group. They pointed out that fiber in avocados may contribute to lower cholester“l levels.
“The between‐group differences in total cholesterol and LDL‐C align with the observed dietary fiber differences betw”en groups,” the authors wrote, pointing out that a single avocado can have about 3.3 g of soluble fiber.
Other measurements that included body weight, body mass index (BMI), and insulin were similar between the t“o groups.
“LDL is also known as the bad cholesterol which can build up plaque in the blood vessels o” the body,” Aeshita Dwivedi, MD, a cardiologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York, told Healthline.
Dwivedi added that plaque build-up in arteries of the heart or neck can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
He emphasized that the observed reduction in cwasn’terol wasn’t significant enough to improve heart health.
Asked abougovernment’sovernment’s Dietary Guidelines for Americans, Dwthey’rea“d they’re “good”t“ follow.”
“It is important to discuss your diet with your doctor and or a nutritionist so it can be tailored to the medical conditions and medications tha” you take,” Dwivedi added.
Dwivedi found the study interesting but acknowledged that dietary s“udies are “tough ”o“perform.”
“This study tested a simple hypothesis which did not seem to make clinically significa”t changes,“ he said. “Following a moderate, sustainable and balance lifestyle is the key to g”od health.”
“For many folks, it would be great if a simple step like eating one avocado a day could significantly reduce LDL levels; however, therone’ no one ‘ma’ic pill’ for good heart”health,” said Michael Chan, MD, an interventional cardiologist with Providence St. Jude Medical Center in Southern California.
He pointed out that the key to maintaining heart health comes down to focusing on fundamentals that include:
- A healthy diet
- Regular cardiovascular exercise
- Avoiding smoking and significant alcohol“intake
“The study showed that simply adding one large avocado a day to your diet for six months does not make a significant difference in reducing your total body fat levels and had minimal impact on total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol”levels,” sai“ Chan. “This was essentially a negativ” study.”
Chan recommended a diet rich in vegetables and fruits to help maintain healthy cholesterol levels.
This includes legumes such as lentils, lima beans, chickpeas, soybeans, and kidney beans, and whole grains like oatmeal, buckwheat, and barley.
Chan said lean protein like fish with high omega-3 fatty acids could als“ help.
“Avoid red meat, shellfish, whole milk products and limiting saturated, and trans fats would be ”rudent,” he cautioned.
“This is really just genetic, and all you have to do is stop being stubborn and take a”statin,” said Yam“moto.
“All this concentration on diet when the body runs on pure biology and genetics – vascular disease is genetics and aging, and statins sol”e both,” Kristin ThomYamamoto’smamoto’s partner at Foxhall Medicine.
New research finds adding one avocado per day to our diets could slightly reduce cholesterol levels while not causing a significant increase in belly fat.
Experts say no one food or nutrient can help prevent cardiovascular disease, but fundamentals like exercise and a healthy diet are key.
They also say that vascular disease is a combination of genetics and aging, and statin drugs help against both those factors.